What is the textile industry? Definition and meaning


Before the revolution of industry people were sewing and stitching clothes at home with the raw materials they owned and mostly for personal use so as the time went by small scale industries were started and slowing the invention of textile industry emerged so slowing mass production of clothing played a important role in the society, the technology also started to grow for textile industry like steam engine in 1775, cotton gin in 1792, sewing machine in 1846. After the growth of technology in the recent time it’s become a complex area and the textile industry is a global phenomenon and it is now the most trending business involved in production, manufacture, development and distribution of textiles. Do check out: what is textile industry

meaning :

Raw materials like fiber which is natural or man made is the basic for textile so Fabric made from yarn that is knitted or woven is textile this is the basic meaning but other production apart from yarn or fiber there are other combinations can be used and clothing is the core of textile industry.

Definition of textile industry :

“ the industry that involves the section of research, development, manufacturing, distribution and design with the use of fabric or other material and used for textile industry or clothing.

Departments of textile industry



The transformation of fiber into yarn is known as spinning

Steps involved:

  • Blowroom
  • Carding
  • Drawing
  • Combing
  • Simplex
  • Ring frame

Fabric manufacturing

Fabric manufacturing involves two main methods: weaving and knitting.

Wet processing

Wet processing is the step of the manufacturing process where dyes and other chemicals are applied to the textile material.

Wet process includes

  • De-sizing
  • Scouring
  • Bleach
  • Wash
  • Mercerising
  • Dye

Machines used are:

  • J-box
  • Winch dye machine
  • Jet
  • Jigger
  • Kier boiler
  • Pad mangle

Garment manufacturing


The processes and methods used in producing clothing on an industrial scale for commercial purposes are referred to as garment manufacturing.


  • Woven garment industry
  • Knit garment industry
  • Sweater garment industry

Machines used :

  • Chain stitch sewing instrument
  • Lock stitch sewing instrument
  • Overlock sew instrument
  • Buttonhole sewing instrument
  • Label sewing instrument

Despite the fact that making clothes is a significant portion of this sector of the textile industry, many individuals are also involved in fashion design and marketing. Sheets, blankets, pillows, and towels are produced by a few different textile businesses. The textile sector also involves importing and exporting clothing and materials. Additionally, buyers from garment factories and designers frequently travel around the globe in search of the ideal fabric for their designs. Every country has a vastly different range of locally made materials.

Finally, we can state that the garments give us the aforementioned products while also serving as a significant source of revenue for a large number of individuals worldwide.


The market is catching on to the expanding textile industry trends and the rising obsession with clothing.